Imrpoving Reading

Tips and Resources for Improving Reading Skills

August 12, 20237 min read

“Reading is an exercise in empathy; an exercise in walking in someone else’s shoes for a while.” —Malorie Blackman


Navigating your child's reading journey involves a blend of understanding their strengths and challenges, creating a supportive learning environment, implementing effective strategies, and collaborating with educators and specialists. In this guide, we'll explore essential steps to empower your child's reading development, ensuring they build strong literacy skills and a lifelong love for learning. From identifying their reading behaviors to incorporating personalized approaches and utilizing assistive technology, you'll discover actionable insights to guide your child towards reading success. Let's embark on this empowering journey together.

Improving Reading Skills

Identifying your child's reading strengths and challenges: 

Observe their reading behaviors: Pay close attention to how your child approaches reading. Notice any difficulties they may have with decoding words, understanding the meaning of the text, or maintaining fluency. Identifying patterns of struggle can help pinpoint specific areas that require targeted support. 

Consult with teachers and specialists: Reach out to your child's teachers and specialists, such as reading specialists, special education teachers, or speech therapists. They can provide valuable insights into your child's reading abilities and help identify areas where they may need additional support or interventions. 

Review assessment results: If your child has undergone reading assessments or evaluations, carefully review the results. Look for specific areas of strength and weakness identified by professionals. This information can guide you in understanding where your child may need extra assistance and inform your approach to supporting their reading development. 

Listen to your child's frustrations or concerns: Encourage open communication with your child about their reading experiences. Take note of any frustrations, challenges, or concerns they express. Their feedback can provide valuable clues about areas where they may need additional support, such as difficulty with specific reading skills, comprehension, or confidence. 

Creating a literacy-rich environment at home: 

Set aside dedicated reading time: 

Establish a regular reading routine where you and your child can read together or independently. 

Create a cozy and inviting reading area with comfortable seating, good lighting, and a selection of books. 

Surround your child with reading materials: 

Keep a variety of age-appropriate books, magazines, and newspapers readily accessible in different areas of your home.

Encourage your child to explore different genres and subjects that pique their interest. 

Incorporate literacy into daily activities: 

Encourage your child to read aloud during mealtime by discussing the ingredients on food packages or reading recipes together. 

Engage in word games, such as word scavenger hunts or making up silly rhymes, to make learning enjoyable. 

Be a reading role model: 

Demonstrate your own love for reading by sharing your favorite books or discussing what you're currently reading. 

Read aloud to your child and engage in meaningful conversations about the stories, characters, and themes. 

Choosing appropriate reading materials: 

Select books based on their interests and reading level: 

Take into account your child's hobbies, favorite topics, and passions when choosing books. 

Look for books with engaging storylines, relatable characters, and themes that resonate with your child's experiences. 

Consider their reading level to ensure the text is neither too easy nor too challenging, striking a balance that fosters growth and confidence. 

Explore diverse formats and resources: 

Besides traditional printed books, consider alternative formats that can enhance your child's reading experience. 

Audiobooks can be a great option for children who struggle with decoding or enjoy listening to stories. They promote comprehension and vocabulary development. 

Digital tools and reading apps offer interactive features, text-to-speech capabilities, and personalized reading experiences, catering to different learning styles and abilities. 

Utilize libraries and online resources: 

Visit your local library to access a wide range of books suitable for various age groups and reading levels. 

Online platforms provide access to e-books, educational websites, and digital libraries that offer a vast selection of reading materials. 

Explore resources specifically designed for children with learning disabilities, such as dyslexia-friendly books or books with larger fonts. 

Involve your child in the selection process: 

Encourage your child's input and involvement when choosing reading materials. Let them have a say in what they want to read.

Visit bookstores together, browse online book platforms, or attend library events where your child can explore different books and genres. 

By involving them in the decision-making process, you empower them to take ownership of their reading choices and foster a sense of excitement and curiosity. 

Implementing effective reading strategies: 

Give Explicit Instructions: 

Break down reading skills into manageable steps and provide clear explanations and demonstrations. 

Teach phonics, decoding strategies, and sight word recognition explicitly to build a strong foundation. 

Provide guided practice and feedback to reinforce learning and address areas of difficulty. 

Multisensory approaches: 

Engage multiple senses to enhance learning and memory retention. 

Use tactile materials, such as letter tiles or sand trays, to reinforce letter-sound associations and spelling patterns. 

Incorporate movement and gestures during reading activities to facilitate kinesthetic learning. 

Personalized learning: 

Tailor instruction to your child's specific needs, strengths, and interests. Identify their areas of challenge and provide targeted support to address those difficulties. 

Offer a variety of reading materials and genres to cater to their individual preferences and promote engagement. 

Improving decoding, fluency, comprehension, and vocabulary development: Focus on decoding skills by practicing phonics, sight word recognition, and word attack strategies. 

Promote fluency through repeated reading, choral reading, and using expressive voice. 

Enhance comprehension by teaching reading strategies, such as predicting, summarizing, and making connections. 

Expand vocabulary through explicit word instruction, context clues, and exposure to rich and varied texts. 

Remember that every child learns differently, so it's important to observe your child's progress and adjust the strategies as needed. Celebrate their successes and provide a supportive environment that encourages risk-taking and perseverance.

Working collaboratively with teachers and specialists can also ensure that these strategies are reinforced both at home and in the classroom. Regular communication and sharing of progress can help create a cohesive support network focused on your child's reading development. 

Collaborating with educators and specialists: 

Collaborating with educators and specialists is crucial to ensure a comprehensive and cohesive approach to supporting your child's reading development. 

Maintain regular communication with your child's teachers and special education team. Share updates on your child's progress, challenges, and goals. 

Exchange valuable insights about your child's learning style, strengths, and areas for improvement. Discuss any strategies or approaches that have proven successful at home and inquire about strategies being used in the classroom. 

Set specific and achievable goals for your child's reading progress in collaboration with the educational team. Ensure that these goals align with their Individualized Education Program (IEP) or any other relevant plans. 

Work together to establish consistent approaches and strategies for reading instruction. Consistency between home and school environments helps reinforce learning and provide a seamless experience for your child. 

Schedule periodic meetings or check-ins with your child's teachers and specialists to review their progress. These meetings provide an opportunity to discuss any concerns, evaluate the effectiveness of strategies being implemented, and make any necessary adjustments. 

Remember, collaboration is key to ensuring a unified and supportive approach to your child's reading development. By working closely with educators and specialists, you can create a consistent and individualized learning environment that optimizes their progress and success in reading. 

Utilizing assistive technology and resources: 

Assistive Technology: Explore tools and apps with features like text-to-speech, customizable fonts, and word prediction. Examples include text-to-speech software, speech recognition software, and reading apps. 

Accessible Books: Find accessible books through libraries, online resources, and reading apps. They offer options like large-print books, braille materials, and audiobooks. Collaboration: Involve educators and specialists to identify the most suitable tools and resources. Collaborate to ensure consistency between home and school.

Regular Evaluation: Stay updated on new advancements and regularly assess the effectiveness of the tools and resources for your child's evolving needs.

By utilizing assistive technology and accessible resources, you empower your child to overcome reading challenges and improve their skills. Work together with educators and regularly assess their effectiveness for ongoing support.

blog author image

Michelle Harris

Michelle is the founder of Parent Alliance for Students with Exceptional Needs (PASEN). She is an author, trainer, and Non Attorney Special Education Advocate. (NASEA). Parent Alliance for Students with Exceptional Students (PASEN) is meant purely for educational or medical discussion. It contains information about legal or medical matters; however, it is not professional legal or medical advice and should not be treated as such. Limitation of warranties: The legal and medical information on this website is provided “as is” without any representations or warranties, express or implied. PASEN makes no representations or warranties in relation to the legal or medical information on the website. Professional assistance: You must not rely on the information on this website as an alternative to legal or medical advice from your attorney or medical provider. If you have any specific questions about any legal or medical matter, you should consult your attorney or medical service provider.

Back to Blog